2024 Bloomberg terminal alternative for retail investors - In an interview at Bloomberg’s New York headquarters earlier this month, Jain said he expects his $2 billion bet on Adani stocks to be a “multibagger.”. Latest shareholding data for ACC Ltd ...

 
November 20, 2023 at 7:50 AM PST. It's no secret that the market for private credit has boomed in recent years. The surprising thing is that it has continued to do so even as interest rates have .... Bloomberg terminal alternative for retail investors

October 5, 2022 at 12:40 PM PDT. This article is for subscribers only. Investment manager Hamilton Lane Inc. is planning to deploy blockchain technology to make its private markets offerings more ...Oct 21, 2022 · Apollo Global Management Inc. said a “big portion” of the $50 billion it targets to raise from retail investors over the next five years will come from Asia’s growing rich, as the ... REBECCA FENG , The Wall Street Journal 5 min read 27 May 2023, 02:19 PM IST. A Chinese Alternative to Bloomberg Terminals Quietly Limits Information Overseas. Photographer Michael Hughes/Bloomberg ...November 28, 2023 at 6:00 AM PST. Updated on. November 28, 2023 at 7:08 AM PST. Listen. 4:56. The UK’s financial watchdog has unveiled a new framework designed to protect retail investors from ...This article is for subscribers only. Thailand will sell 55 billion baht ($1.6 billion) of sovereign bonds to retail investors next month, on course to raise a record amount from savings notes to ...You won't get anywhere with Bloomberg 2 or Purple or McAdams & Co or SmarTerminal or Initech or any other stuffy forgettable name. The USP (unique selling point) of this is that …Jun 26, 2023 · June 26, 2023 at 9:28 AM PDT. BlackRock Inc. is embarking on a crucial test of its ability to muscle into one of Wall Street’s most competitive growth areas — pitching private assets to small ... OpenBB is a leading open-source investment research software platform that gives you access to high-quality financial market data and analytical tools. Our mission is to make investment research effective, powerful and accessible to everyone. Equity Analysts can now do investment research from anywhere with OpenBB. Learn more.29 Aug 2023 ... The Bloomberg Terminal's features and capabilities make it a top choice amid an array of competitive trading platform alternatives. If it weren' ...Check out real reviews verified by Gartner to see how Bloomberg Terminal compares to its competitors and find the best software or service for your organization. Top alternatives …Hong Kong laid out a master plan to become a top Asian crypto hub offering legalized retail trading and digital-asset exchange-traded funds, part of a wider push to restore the city’s ...The Liberty Dollar coins are a series of silver and gold coins that were issued by the Liberty Dollar organization from 1998 to 2011. These coins were intended to be used as an alternative currency to the U.S. dollar, and they have become i...New ESG Rules to Protect Everyday Investors Cause Confusion. This article is for subscribers only. A new set of EU rules coming into force Tuesday will put fresh pressure on asset managers as they ...Day traders sold a net $296 million worth of US shares so far this year, the first outflow since 2014, according to Korea Securities Depository data. The selloff by investors was mainly in big ...WebMarch 23, 2023 at 7:25 AM PDT. Retail investors are piling into stock offerings, fueling a jump in new listings by micro-cap companies in the face of a banking crisis that is sidelining bigger ...Reskinning our platform is as easy as one, two, theme. Give it a try. Koyfin is an excellent research tool and with its global coverage of equities, analyst estimates and financials, it allows investors to carry out fast and comprehensive analysis. Koyfin is a great product! Puru Saxena. Independent Investor. 1 / 5. Great investments start with.I will work on adding the a settings where you can tweak that, thankyou so much again for the feedback. wowiee nice! Getting an opportunity to work with a bloomberg terminal soon, i'll def be comparing the two! Nice! I posted this in one of my trading groups. I like it!WebWe researched the best Bloomberg terminal alternatives based on cost, data quality, charts, and more. You can trade from your home with the same data as the pros.Bloomberg Terminal has emerged as something of an industry standard, used by more than 300,000 people at just about every major financial and investment-related corporation globally — but it ...Treasury Bills Yielding 5% Are a Big Hit With Retail Investors. The US Treasury building in Washington, DC, US, on Tuesday, Aug. 15, 2023. Photographer: Nathan Howard/Bloomberg. A seemingly ...Exchange-traded funds that use leverage to short indexes have attracted $5.8 billion in new inflows so far this year as trading volumes have surged. That compares to $5.1 billion in the entirety ...Aug 3, 2023 · August 3, 2023 at 7:00 AM PDT. Listen. 5:48. Institutional investors are increasingly turning to business development companies to gain exposure to the $1.5 trillion private credit market ... Gold has long been considered a valuable and precious metal, with a rich history of being used as a store of value and a medium of exchange. As an investor or someone considering selling gold, it is crucial to understand the factors that in...October 3, 2023 at 5:00 AM PDT. Listen. 2:13. Retail investors will be able to directly purchase slices of corporate bonds and Treasuries — similar to how they buy stocks — with the launch of ...WebBelow are five alternatives to the Bloomberg terminal alternatives you might consider: 1. Koyfin. The Koyfin terminal is completely free to use at the moment, although it may offer separately paid services in the future. It provides a lot of data and financial news through dashboards on a user-friendly platform.Unless you spring for a Bloomberg terminal at a price of over $25,000, you have to figure out where else you can get the data. We polled our Toptal Finance consultants and found out some of their best free Bloomberg …The retail trading surge that began with pandemic lockdowns has now abated, as total equity volume from individual investors fell to 19% in the third quarter, down from 24% at the start of this ...Crypto Push Splits Bulls and Bears at $900 Billion Fund Manager. DWS is preparing to introduce crypto ETFs for retail investors. Sector’s credibility has been hurt by volatility, frauds. By ...WebSep 30, 2023 · We researched the best Bloomberg terminal alternatives based on cost, data quality, charts, and more. You can trade from your home with the same data as the pros. Dip-buying still alive in bond ETFs after drying up in stocks. Buying the dip has largely dried up for equity ETFs since 2022, but the strategy of investing in underperformers in hopes of a ...How much does a single Bloomberg Terminal cost per month. The increase in the cost of Bloomberg Terminal subscriptions will bring the total cost to $2,500 a month or $30,000 a year for a single Terminal. Multiple Terminal subscriptions will cost $2,215 a month or $26,580 annually. Bloomberg subscriptions are for two years.Morgan Stanley Says Retail Flows Into Indian Stocks Can Continue. Equities account for about 6% of Indian household wealth. Nifty Index to provide returns of more than 10% over one year. By ...24 Jul 2023 ... Also known as the benchmark of alternative data platforms, the Bloomberg terminal has been a professional-grade alternative data platform since ...2:02. South Korea’s Kookmin Bank has halted sales of some exotic notes linked to beleaguered Chinese stocks that have regulators circling and retail investors facing massive losses. Starting ...Bloomberg Functions. To be more productive, faster, and more efficient when performing financial analysis or research it’s important to be proficient at using the Bloomberg Terminal. That means knowing the most important Bloomberg functions. Whether you work in investment banking, equity research, or other areas of the capital markets, you ...Jul 5, 2023 · OpenBB Terminal is an open source investment research software platform for accessing and analyzing financial market data. Using the platform, individuals can make use of real-time data on the financial markets to generate high-quality reports and to gain useful insights into companies and finance. OpenBB has the potential to transform the ... November 8, 2023 at 6:34 AM PST. Listen. 1:17. Property investors are showing heightened interest in hotel deals as industry players adapt to higher-for-longer interest rates. Four out of five ...Plus. Great for investors who need advanced functionality to manage their portfolios and research stocks. $ 39 /month. 10Y financials & 10Y estimates. Filings & transcripts. 10 custom formulas. 1 custom financial template. Stock & ETF screener.Nov 14, 2022 · The average yield on a Bloomberg index of top-rated company bonds sits at 5.6%, just off the highest in more than 13 years. That’s tempting for retail traders, especially those who already ... June 21, 2023 at 6:36 AM PDT. Listen. 2:37. Funds run by Odey Asset Management and its affiliate have been facing an uncertain future after many partners started to shun the firm since new ...Filling the gap between institutions and retail investors is TIKR, a research platform with S&P Capital IQ-powered data on over 50,000 global companies.New ESG Rules to Protect Everyday Investors Cause Confusion. This article is for subscribers only. A new set of EU rules coming into force Tuesday will put fresh pressure on asset managers as they ...That’s my interpretation of a global survey of retail investors just published by Schroders Plc, the U.K.’s biggest standalone fund manager with assets of 717 billion pounds ($946 billion ...Stock analysis for Retail Opportunity Investments Corp (ROIC:NASDAQ GS) including stock price, stock chart, company news, key statistics, fundamentals and company profile.The Satoshi Terminal is a groundbreaking financial research and trading platform. It is a first-of-its-kind product that combines features and functionality like those of the Bloomberg Terminal with the inclusion of data on the cryptocurrency industry. Portfolio optimization tools. Risk analytics. Institutional grade tools tailored.Both the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine have made statements naming colloidal silver as dangerous for use. However, it is still for sale from many online retailers and stores...This article is for subscribers only. Thailand will sell 55 billion baht ($1.6 billion) of sovereign bonds to retail investors next month, on course to raise a record amount from savings notes to ...Sep 21, 2023 · There’s my list of the 7 best alternatives to Bloomberg Terminal for retail investors. As mentioned earlier, if you’re truly looking to replace a Bloomberg Terminal, you’ll want to combine a few of these platforms. Bloomberg Professional Services August 19, 2022. Sitting on the desks of 350,000 of the world’s most influential decision makers, the Bloomberg Terminal is an essential tool for knowledge ...REBECCA FENG , The Wall Street Journal 5 min read 27 May 2023, 02:19 PM IST. A Chinese Alternative to Bloomberg Terminals Quietly Limits Information Overseas. Photographer Michael Hughes/Bloomberg ...Bloomberg Terminal was founded 1981, and it’s grown to become one of the most extensive and expensive research terminals across the world. It’s a multi-functional stock research terminal where you can access real-time news, events, analytical tools, view company filings, manage portfolios, conduct research, place trades customize ... Oct 5, 2022 · Exchange-traded funds that use leverage to short indexes have attracted $5.8 billion in new inflows so far this year as trading volumes have surged. That compares to $5.1 billion in the entirety ... AMC has $9.5 billion of debt and lease obligations, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The fundraising is expected to further dilute shareholders. Shares sank 37% to close at a record low $8 ...WebNov 16, 2022 · A study of how retail investors use cryptocurrency exchange apps suggests about three-quarters have lost money on Bitcoin, according to the Bank for International Settlements. Data spanning 95 ... The behavior of retail investors during the pandemic varies significantly across age groups, according to JPMorgan Chase & Co. Investors generally are interested in alternative assets but older ...WebBetween 1980 and 2020, the average first-day increase was 18.4%, according to Jay Ritter, a University of Florida professor who studies IPOs. But people who bought early shares in Deliveroo’s ...May 8, 2023 · By Claire Ballentine and Paulina Cachero. May 8, 2023 at 1:45 PM PDT. Listen. 3:53. The volatility in regional banks stocks is proving irresistible for risk-loving retail investors on both sides ... August 3, 2023 at 7:00 AM PDT. Listen. 5:48. Institutional investors are increasingly turning to business development companies to gain exposure to the $1.5 trillion private credit market ...Jul 14, 2023 · July 13, 2023 at 11:12 PM PDT. Listen. 1:40. Signs are emerging that Japanese retail investors are getting on the equity bandwagon after having largely missed out on a historic rally. Their buying ... Unless you spring for a Bloomberg terminal at a price of over $25,000, you have to figure out where else you can get the data. We polled our Toptal Finance consultants and found out some of their best free Bloomberg …A rally across all asset classes powering the S&P 500 to its best month in over a year has finally caught the attention of retail investors.. The same traders who created the so-called meme-stock ...Nov 16, 2022 · A study of how retail investors use cryptocurrency exchange apps suggests about three-quarters have lost money on Bitcoin, according to the Bank for International Settlements. Data spanning 95 ... May 2, 2022 · Small-town retail investors with an emotional attachment to India’s oldest insurer and its long-loyal policyholders will likely prop up demand for the country’s largest-ever initial public ... It allows all Bloomberg Terminal clients to see alternative data analytics alongside traditional market data, broker research, estimates and news for the first time, thereby democratizing ...WebMeme stocks are stuck in the pits. So McHugh, a 36-year-old who works in Houston’s oil and gas industry, has been getting his fix in a corner of the market retail investors typically overlook ...A Bloomberg terminal is a computer system offering access to Bloomberg's investment data service, news feeds, messaging, and trade execution services. Investing StocksSeptember 27, 2023 at 1:15 AM PDT. Listen. 0:53. Deutsche Bank AG said it has named insurance industry executive Dominik Hennen as head of personal banking, a new division that comprises its two ...A study of how retail investors use cryptocurrency exchange apps suggests about three-quarters have lost money on Bitcoin, according to the Bank for International Settlements. Data spanning 95 ...Both the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine have made statements naming colloidal silver as dangerous for use. However, it is still for sale from many online retailers and stores...January 19, 2023 at 4:01 PM PST. The slump in the world’s biggest asset class has spread from the housing market to commercial real estate, threatening to unleash waves of credit turmoil across ...OpenBB is a leading open-source investment research software platform that gives you access to high-quality financial market data and analytical tools. Our mission is to make investment research effective, powerful and accessible to everyone. Equity Analysts can now do investment research from anywhere with OpenBB.Leveraged exchange-traded funds are so popular among South Korean retail investors that they own more than 20% of some of the most high-profile ones listed in …May 8, 2023 · By Claire Ballentine and Paulina Cachero. May 8, 2023 at 1:45 PM PDT. Listen. 3:53. The volatility in regional banks stocks is proving irresistible for risk-loving retail investors on both sides ... Dec 9, 2022 · December 9, 2022 at 5:00 AM PST. Listen. 3:58. Investment portfolios belonging to retail traders suffered a $350 billion blow this year as big bets on risky stocks and former high-fliers like ... November 16, 2023 at 11:55 PM PST. Listen. 3:12. UK retail sales fell unexpectedly in October, adding to the impression that a string of interest-rate hikes designed to beat down inflation is ...November 5, 2023 at 3:10 PM PST. Listen. 4:28. Hong Kong is assessing whether to allow exchange-traded funds that invest directly in crypto as officials step up efforts to create an Asia-Pacific ...One expert likened such investment vehicles to reaching into a “drawer full of razor blades.” But an army of pandemic-era retail investors are so far undeterred from powering a boom in the space.Stock analysis for Retail Opportunity Investments Corp (ROIC:NASDAQ GS) including stock price, stock chart, company news, key statistics, fundamentals and company profile.Powered by Bloomberg's global access and data, this program is your weekly source for the latest news, analysis and interviews with the most influential stakeholders -- from investors to policymakers.Bloomberg terminal alternative for retail investors

If you want to diversify your investment portfolio with alternative investments, these popular options are worth checking out. Home Investing For most people, investing involves a typical retirement account like an IRA or 401(k). However, .... Bloomberg terminal alternative for retail investors

bloomberg terminal alternative for retail investors

Plus. Great for investors who need advanced functionality to manage their portfolios and research stocks. $ 39 /month. 10Y financials & 10Y estimates. Filings & transcripts. 10 custom formulas. 1 custom financial template. Stock & ETF screener.Bloomberg Professional Services August 19, 2022. Sitting on the desks of 350,000 of the world’s most influential decision makers, the Bloomberg Terminal is an essential tool for knowledge ...Retail investors have become increasingly important in Indian equity markets -- official figures show they accounted for 45% of trading in 2021, up from 33% five years earlier. About 14.2 million ...2:21. Sagard Holdings, the alternative asset manager controlled by Canada’s billionaire Desmarais family, is working to boost sales of its private-asset funds to retail investors. Sagard struck ...Crypto Exchange That Fled Nigeria Plans Maiden Fundraising. Bootstrapped Patricia planning to raise as much as $50 million. Nigeria’s clampdown forced Patricia to move offices to Estonia ...The IPO manager expects new listings in India, which raised a record $18 billion in 2021, to keep attracting retail investors as more individuals seek exposure to stocks as an asset class. Arijit ...April 7, 2022 at 7:35 AM PDT This article is for subscribers only. Individual investors who were previously locked out of alternative-asset classes like private equity are in the …FactSet. Price: Annual membership costs about $12,000. User Ratings: 4.2/5. FactSet …Products. Bloomberg Terminal Research. Connect to sell-side and independent research from more than 1,500 sources, as well as proprietary research on industries, markets, …Blackstone’s $70 Billion Real Estate Fund for Retail Investors Is Losing Steam. A retail boom that supercharged private equity and real estate is slowing, challenging one of the firm’s most ...Sep 21, 2023 · There’s my list of the 7 best alternatives to Bloomberg Terminal for retail investors. As mentioned earlier, if you’re truly looking to replace a Bloomberg Terminal, you’ll want to combine a few of these platforms. February 14, 2023 at 11:55 PM PST. Listen. 3:11. Individual stock investors in India are keeping faith in the country’s $3.1 trillion equity market even after a punishing selloff in Adani Group ...Explore 10 Bloomberg Terminate alternatives that deliver powerfully market news and investment research capabilities — most at adenine fraction the the cost. Explore 10 Bloomberg Terminal accessories that deliver mighty market data and investment research capabilities — most at an small of the cost.... Bloomberg terminals. Further, we distinguish between earnings announcements ... better reflects the trading activity of both retail and institutional investors.Jul 5, 2023 · OpenBB Terminal is an open source investment research software platform for accessing and analyzing financial market data. Using the platform, individuals can make use of real-time data on the financial markets to generate high-quality reports and to gain useful insights into companies and finance. OpenBB has the potential to transform the ... Using Square and Paypal data as a proxy, retail investors have purchased over 187,000 Bitcoins so far this quarter, compared to roughly 205,000 last quarter, strategists including Nikolaos ...A new Bloomberg Intelligence report finds that e-commerce will grow at a 10% CAGR to $2.55 trillion over the next five years. Almost 60% of the increase may be driven by digitally native retailersNov 9, 2023 · 1:28. Individual investors who had been behind the stock-market rally this year pulled more money from US equities in October than they have in any month over the past two years. Retail traders ... AlphaSense is used by the world’s leading corporations and financial institutions, including 85% of the S&P 100 and 70% of the top 50 hedge funds.. Knowledge professionals, from individuals, to teams and leaders, …2:02. South Korea’s Kookmin Bank has halted sales of some exotic notes linked to beleaguered Chinese stocks that have regulators circling and retail investors facing massive losses. Starting ...Plus. Great for investors who need advanced functionality to manage their portfolios and research stocks. $ 39 /month. 10Y financials & 10Y estimates. Filings & transcripts. 10 custom formulas. 1 custom financial template. Stock & ETF screener.Most retail investors who have put money into digital currencies probably don’t understand exactly what they bought or the risks involved, a Bank of England official said. Jon Cunliffe, deputy ...Bloomberg Functions. To be more productive, faster, and more efficient when performing financial analysis or research it’s important to be proficient at using the Bloomberg Terminal. That means knowing the most important Bloomberg functions. Whether you work in investment banking, equity research, or other areas of the capital markets, you ...Jimmy has executed and evaluated $1+ billion in debt, equity, and M&A transactions at the investment bank JP Morgan, the private equity firm Warwick Group, and ...A Bloomberg terminal is a computer system offering access to Bloomberg's investment data service, news feeds, messaging, and trade execution services. Investing StocksThe average yield on a Bloomberg index of top-rated company bonds sits at 5.6%, just off the highest in more than 13 years. That’s tempting for retail traders, especially those who already ...Check out real reviews verified by Gartner to see how Bloomberg Terminal compares to its competitors and find the best software or service for your organization. Top alternatives …OpenBB is a leading open-source investment research software platform that gives you access to high-quality financial market data and analytical tools. Our mission is to make investment research effective, powerful and accessible to everyone. Equity Analysts can now do investment research from anywhere with OpenBB. Bloomberg the Company & Its Products The Company & its Products Bloomberg Terminal Demo Request ... covering the latest news in finance, economics and investments. ... Retail sales increased 0.6% ...Apollo last month agreed to provide a $4 billion loan to SoftBank Group Corp., the biggest deal of its kind in the private credit market. In 2019, it also backed New Media Investment Group ’s ...Web1. News. Type "N" then hit for general news. To access the top business or general headlines, type TOP and hit. The screen will appear with a toolbar at the top, a command line where new commands ...WebMay 25, 2021 · May 25, 2021 at 6:52 AM PDT. This article is for subscribers only. Apollo Global Management Inc. is creating a business unit focused on retail investors as the firm looks to expand in new areas ... They were never supposed to be a long-term home for your clothing. When you pick up items of clothing from the dry cleaner, they typically come in thin, clear, plastic garment bags. Once you get them home, it would make sense to simply pop ...Starting price. $2,250/mo. Bloomberg Terminal is available for an annual cost of $27,660 per user. The pricing decreases to $24,240 per user for firms with 2+ terminals. Please note that each terminal lease lasts for two years, making the total cost for a single terminal $54,000 over that period. Free.Jun 23, 2022 · Retail demand tracked by JPMorgan has been below one-year average for the last eight weeks. In the options market, bearish puts are in vogue, a departure from last year, when bullish calls were ... Oct 20, 2020 · Filling the gap between institutions and retail investors is TIKR, a research platform with S&P Capital IQ-powered data on over 50,000 global companies. ... Best Alternatives to Bloomberg Terminal ... In today’s economy, it’s important to be mindful of the amount of money we spend on everyday items. With the rise of dollar stores, such as Dollar Family, many people are wondering if these discount retailers are a better alternative to big...Connecting decision makers to a dynamic network of information, people and ideas, Bloomberg quickly and accurately delivers business and financial information, news and insight around the worldWebThree categories of IPO, or initial public offer, exist in India: QIB, HNI and RII. Learn how to check your IPO allotment status here. Retail investors may apply with a smaller worth less than two lakhs for the IPO allocation.A study of how retail investors use cryptocurrency exchange apps suggests about three-quarters have lost money on Bitcoin, according to the Bank for International Settlements. Data spanning 95 ...Bloomberg Terminal: A computer system that allows investors to access the Bloomberg data service, which provides real-time financial data, news feeds, messages and also facilitates the placement ...WebFeather is the first one-stop solution for retail traders to analyze any investment, anywhere in the world. Tl;dr Feather provides real-time financial data on every major tradeable asset class, from equities, options, and bonds to commodities, currencies, and macroeconomies. Feather’s pricing starts at just $39 per month, empowering everyday ...OpenBB Terminal is an open source investment research software platform for accessing and analyzing financial market data. Using the platform, individuals can make use of real-time data on the financial markets to generate high-quality reports and to gain useful insights into companies and finance. OpenBB has the potential to transform the ...May 25, 2021 at 6:52 AM PDT. This article is for subscribers only. Apollo Global Management Inc. is creating a business unit focused on retail investors as the firm looks to expand in new areas ...WebIndia’s capital markets regulator proposed to extend oversight of algorithmic trading to retail investors, a move that may impact dozens of low-cost fintech-based brokerages that are adding ...Nov 27, 2023 · The Financial Supervisory Service is probing sales of equity-linked securities tied to the Hang Seng China Enterprises Index, the regulator said in a text message. Some 8.41 trillion won ($6.5 ... In order to measure institutional investors’ attention, we follow the approach of Ben-Rephael et al. (2017) and use the news searching and reading activity for specific stocks on Bloomberg terminals. 14 More precisely, Bloomberg records the number of times firm-specific news articles are read and searched for by terminal users. Comparing ...In an interview at Bloomberg’s New York headquarters earlier this month, Jain said he expects his $2 billion bet on Adani stocks to be a “multibagger.”. Latest shareholding data for ACC Ltd ...Average daily trading turnover jumped to 99 billion baht ($3.3 billion) this month through Wednesday, set for a monthly record, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Transactions by individuals ...Web4,559.34 USD. +0.06%. Before it’s here, it’s on the. Up Next. Asia’s Hottest Stock Market Has Vietnam Primed for Inflows. Individual investors are piling into Vietnam stocks at an ...India’s capital markets regulator proposed to extend oversight of algorithmic trading to retail investors, a move that may impact dozens of low-cost fintech-based brokerages that are adding ...Trading orders from the retail army in stocks and exchange-traded funds accounted for 23% of the market’s total volume in late January, above the previous high of 22% reached during the 2021 ...The IPO manager expects new listings in India, which raised a record $18 billion in 2021, to keep attracting retail investors as more individuals seek exposure to stocks as an asset class. Arijit ...The yield on the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Index, which tends to drive municipal money-fund yields, has bounced between 1.66% and 4.47% in 2023, according to data ...Web. Upgrade downgrade